Asphalt Tonnage to Square Yards Calculator

Asphalt Tonnage to Square Yards Calculator

Asphalt Tonnage to Square Yards Calculator


This calculator will compute the area of asphalt coverage in square yards based on the provided inputs.

Asphalt Tonnage and Coverage Calculations

Accurately estimating the quantity of asphalt needed for paving projects is crucial for proper budgeting, planning, equipment sizing, and material procurement. Understanding the relationships between asphalt tonnage, volume, and the paved area is essential for these calculations. If you’ve ever been curious about the world of asphalt, you’re in for a treat, amigo!

In this article, you will learn from my 20 years of experience as a road construction engineer, about everything asphalt-related, from calculators to recycling, costs, and even the environmental impact. Whether you’re planning a driveway makeover, exploring career options, or just want to impress your buddies with some asphalt knowledge, we’ve got you covered. Let’s hit the asphalt!

Importance of Estimating Asphalt Needs for Paving Projects

  • Tonnage estimates ensure you order neither too much nor too little asphalt.
  • Avoids wasted materials or having to pause work to order more
  • Enables developing a realistic project budget
  • Allows proper sizing of equipment like pavers and rollers
  • Helps schedule project phases and personnel needs

How Asphalt Weight and Volume Relate to Paved Area

Key Asphalt Volume and Weight Conversions

Tons Square Yards Calculation

  • Asphalt is sold by the ton but its volume is measured in cubic yards
  • Calculating the tonnage of asphalt is a critical step in any project.
  • It ensures you order precisely what you need, preventing wastage and budget overruns.
  • Our asphalt weight calculator takes the guesswork out of the equation, making your planning process efficient and cost-effective.
  • To estimate the tons needed, the cubic yard quantity must be converted using asphalt’s density
  • The standard density is 145 pounds per cubic foot or 4,029 pounds per cubic yard
  • Multiplying cubic yards by the unit weight in pounds per cubic yard gives tons

Tons to Cubic Yards Calculation

  • When the asphalt quantity is already known in tons, convert it to cubic yards for volume estimates
  • Divide the weight in tons by the density conversion factor of 4,029 pounds per cubic yard
  • This cubic yard amount can help with truckload planning and space needs

Inches to Tons per Square Yard Conversion

  • To relate asphalt thickness to weight per paved area, convert inches to tons per square yard
  • Multiply inches by asphalt density of 145 pounds per cubic foot
  • Then divide by 2,000 pounds per ton and 9 square feet per square yard
  • Gives estimated tons needed for a given depth over the defined area

Factors Affecting Asphalt Quantities Needed

paving area size
paving area size

Paving Area Size, Shape, and Dimensions

Asphalt Density and Compaction Specifications

  • Standard asphalt density is around 145 lbs per cubic foot
  • But mixed design and compaction level affect the actual density
  • Higher target density means greater weight per volume
  • Specifying final density sets the weight needed per compacted volume
well-paved area
well-paved area

Property Description Specifications
Asphalt Mix Design The composition of the asphalt mix Determined by the project requirements and local regulations. It includes the type and gradation of aggregates, asphalt binder content, and additives if necessary.
Maximum Theoretical Density (Gmm) The highest achievable density of the asphalt mix Typically ranges between 2.400 and 2.600 kg/m³ (150 to 165 pounds per cubic foot). May vary based on the mix design.
Air Voids The percentage of air voids in the mix Generally targeted at 3% to 5% for dense-graded mixes and 7% to 8% for open-graded mixes.
Voids in Mineral Aggregate (VMA) The space between aggregate particles Typically around 15% to 20% for dense-graded mixes and 15% to 25% for open-graded mixes.
Voids Filled with Asphalt (VFA) The portion of voids filled with asphalt binder Typically around 65% to 75% for dense-graded mixes and 75% to 85% for open-graded mixes.
Bulk Specific Gravity (Gmb) The density of the compacted asphalt mix Typically around 2.300 to 2.500 kg/m³ (140 to 155 pounds per cubic foot). May vary based on mix design and compaction level.
Maximum Specific Gravity (Gmm) The density of the asphalt mix without air voids Typically around 2.600 to 2.800 kg/m³ (160 to 175 pounds per cubic foot).
Percentage of Theoretical Maximum Density A measure of how well the asphalt is compacted Generally targeted at 92% to 96%. Higher values indicate better compaction.
Compaction Temperature The temperature at which compaction occurs Typically between 135°C to 160°C (275°F to 320°F) for hot-mix asphalt (HMA) and 85°C to 115°C (185°F to 240°F) for warm-mix asphalt (WMA).
Compaction Method The technique used for compaction Common methods include static steel-wheel rollers, vibratory rollers, pneumatic rollers, and rubber-tire rollers.
Number of Roller Passes The number of times rollers pass over the asphalt Typically ranges from 2 to 4 passes, but may vary depending on mix type and thickness.
Compaction Timing The stage at which compaction is performed Compaction should be performed while the asphalt mix is still hot and workable. Delayed compaction can result in reduced density.

Asphalt Layer Thickness Requirements

  • Asphalt is paved in layers – base, binder, surface courses

  • The thickness of each layer factors into the totals needed

  • Common thicknesses:

  • More tons are needed for thicker pavement structures

Application Asphalt Layer Thickness Requirement Description
Residential Driveways 2 to 3 inches (50 to 75 mm) For light to moderate residential traffic, this thickness provides durability and a smooth surface.
Commercial Parking Lots 2.5 to 4 inches (63 to 100 mm) Depending on traffic load, a thicker layer may be needed for heavy commercial vehicles.
City Streets (Low Traffic) 2.5 to 3 inches (63 to 75 mm) For residential streets or low-traffic areas, this thickness ensures a stable and long-lasting surface.
City Streets (Medium Traffic) 3 to 4 inches (75 to 100 mm) Medium-traffic streets require a thicker layer to withstand the stress from buses, trucks, and heavier vehicles.
Highways (Light Traffic) 2.5 to 3 inches (63 to 75 mm) Suitable for highways with relatively light traffic. Provides a smooth riding surface and good durability.
Highways (Heavy Traffic) 4 to 6 inches (100 to 150 mm) High-traffic highways demand a thicker layer to withstand the constant wear and tear from a large volume of vehicles.
Airport Runways (General Aviation) 3 to 4 inches (75 to 100 mm) For general aviation runways, this thickness is adequate to support small to medium-sized aircraft.
Airport Runways (Commercial) 4 to 6 inches (100 to 150 mm) Commercial airports require a thicker layer to handle larger aircraft and heavier loads.
Recreational Paths and Bike Lanes 1.5 to 2.5 inches (38 to 63 mm) These thinner layers are suitable for paths and lanes with low to moderate foot and bicycle traffic.
Sports Courts (Tennis, Basketball) 1 to 2 inches (25 to 50 mm) Sports courts require a smooth, resilient surface, but the thickness depends on specific sport requirements.
Racetracks (Motorsports) 2.5 to 4 inches (63 to 100 mm) Racetrack thickness depends on factors like vehicle speed and type, with higher speeds typically requiring thicker layers.


Using an Asphalt Tonnage Calculator

Entering Inputs on Area, Thickness, Use

  • Calculators require inputs like length, width, total area
  • The thickness of each asphalt layer is entered
  • Type of project (driveway, parking lot, etc)

Understanding Asphalt Quantity and Coverage Results

  • Output estimates total tons required
  • Can also give tons per layer like surface, base
  • Translate tons to budget, truckloads, and logistics

Estimating Budget and Materials Needed

Best Practices for Asphalt Paving Projects

Planning Details Like Layer Structure

Equipment Selection and Compaction Technique

  • Use proper-sized pavers and rollers for thickness
  • Follow compaction specifications for target density

Contracting Reputable Asphalt Companies

  • Hire experienced, qualified paving contractors
  • Verify licensing, insurance, and certifications
  • Compare multiple bids for the best value

The Ultimate Asphalt Calculator Guide

Welcome to the ultimate guide on asphalt calculations, covering everything from asphalt weight and volume to paving types, maintenance, and environmental impact. Whether you’re a contractor, a DIY enthusiast, or simply curious about the world of asphalt, this comprehensive article is your go-to resource.

Understanding Asphalt Weight and Volume

When it comes to asphalt, understanding its weight and volume is paramount. These calculations are the foundation of any successful paving project. In this section, we’ll dive deep into the intricacies of asphalt weight and volume, providing you with valuable insights and tools to make your asphalt-related tasks a breeze.

Asphalt Weight Calculator: Unveiling Tonnage Secrets


Optimizing Resources with the Asphalt Material Calculator

Efficiency is the name of the game when working with asphalt. Our material calculator empowers you to optimize your resources, guaranteeing that you get the most out of your budget without compromising quality. It’s a game-changer for contractors and DIY enthusiasts alike.

Asphalt Coverage: Unlocking the Power of Tons

Ever wondered how far a ton of asphalt can go? Our asphalt yield per ton calculator provides you with precise coverage estimates, allowing you to plan your project with confidence. Say goodbye to uncertainty and hello to informed decision-making.

Tailoring Calculations to Your Project

Different projects come with unique requirements. Whether you’re working on a driveway, parking lot, or a road, our specialized asphalt calculators are here to assist you in tailoring your calculations to meet your specific needs. No matter the scale of your project, we’ve got you covered.

Conversions Made Easy: Cubic Yards, Tons, and Square Yards

Unit conversions can be a headache, but they don’t have to be. Our user-friendly tools for converting between cubic yards, tons, and square yards simplify these calculations, ensuring clear and efficient communication with your suppliers.

Optimizing Thickness for Durability

Achieving the right thickness is paramount for asphalt pavement durability. Our calculator is your go-to tool for determining the ideal thickness per square yard. It’s a surefire way to ensure your project stands the test of time, with asphalt that lasts for years to come.

Mastery of Asphalt Density and Compaction

Perfecting asphalt density and compaction is essential for achieving top-notch quality. Our asphalt density and compaction calculators provide the guidance you need to reach the perfect levels for your asphalt mix. It’s all about precision and excellence.


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I'm Steve Axton, a dedicated Asphalt Construction Manager with over 25 years of experience paving the future of infrastructure. My journey with asphalt began by studying civil engineering and learning about core pavement materials like aggregate, binder and additives that compose this durable and versatile substance. I gained hands-on experience with production processes including refining, mixing and transporting during my internships, which opened my eyes to real-world uses on roads, driveways and parking lots. Over the past decades, I have deepened my expertise in asphalt properties like viscosity, permeability and testing procedures like Marshall stability and abrasion. My time with respected construction companies has honed my skills in paving techniques like milling, compaction and curing as well as maintenance activities like crack filling, resurfacing and recycling methods. I'm grateful for the knowledge I've gained about standards from Superpave to sustainability best practices that balance longevity, cost and environmental friendliness. It's been an incredibly rewarding career working with this complex material to build the infrastructure future.